If you have just adopted a puppy, let us congratulate you. Having a pet is one of the most beautiful experiences one can enjoy in this life. The love, affection and loyalty of a dog are incomparable.
However, it also implies some responsibilities. Not only should you feed and shelter the dog but for your pet to be fully happy, you must train it. A basic education is not only teaching you to do tricks, it is training you to have a healthy and safe life.
If it is not clear to you where to start, then nothing will happen. That is why we will give you some helpful tips on what are the things that you should teach your dog for the first year of his life.
5 things you should learn as owner.
As a beginner pet owner you may not be familiar with certain basic aspects of a dog’s education. Here are some:
Establish routines – This is fundamental. Your pet does not know how to watch the clock or the calendar, to guarantee its tranquility you must establish a schedule of walks and meals. In fact, any changes that you should establish in the life of your dog, should always be done very slowly to ensure their well-being. Define what the dog can or cannot do. Be careful of what you allow your puppy to do in the house. A typical example is the issue of getting into beds or couches. If you allow it as a child, then it will not understand that you want to ban it so you must be consistent in your education.
Be equal and consistent – Especially if there are children at home. If one person sets some rules, but another one jumps, the dog will not understand what it is that should do. Do not confuse him.
Bonding – your pet loves you, you are the center of his/her life. Show them yourself that they are important to you. By this we do not mean that you spoil them. To love your pet is not to spoil everything and cram it to treats. Spend time with your dog, find out what his favorite games are, learn to communicate with him. Believe me when I tell you that you will receive a lot from your dog.
Positive Reinforcement – This is the basis for successfully training any dog. Even those who are already adults.
Walking and exercising – If you have decided to adopt a dog and this has high needs of exercise or walking you must comply with it. The walks are a fundamental part of the dog’s rel
axation and communication with the outside. Some basic tricks are: let him sniff (encourage relaxation), allow him freedom during the walk and let him socialize with other pets. Research on how many mimutes or times you need to walk your dog depending on its age.
Other things to teach your dog in his first year
Many behavior problems of dogs come from poor socialization. So imagine how important this step is. Socializing is the process in which you teach your puppy to relate to the outside world.
Not only am I referring to learning to deal with other humans or other dogs, but with the other elements that exist in life. Cars, bikes, carriages, skateboards, people walking down the street – everything. It is elemental that your puppy knows about all of this. This process runs from 3 weeks to 12 weeks of age.
Recognize their name
Even if it seems strange, your dog may take 5-10 days to recognize its name. Be patient, we are facing an important step and very often taught poorly. A very common mistake is to use the dog’s name for everything. Just use your pet’s name to pay attention.
The system is very simple. First, make eye contact, say their name and give the prize. After having repeated it several times, start testing without eye contact. Do not get frustrated if you see that he does not pay attention to you, it’s normal, we’ve already seen that it takes time.
It’s no use calling you twenty times, in fact he can look at you for another reason and we would be reinforcing badly. Call him twice, if he does not look at you, wait a little and try again. If he never looks at you, go back to the first step.
Tip: A very common mistake of the owners is to call the dog to quarrel. So you’re just getting them to relate their name to something bad. To quarrel you must use another word, for example: “no”.